Can I add additives in oil ?
The components of our oils have been proportioned to reach an optimum result. Add an additive may create unecessary blends and even harmful. Certain manufacturers even forbid to inorporate an additive in the oil.
Can I put in my gear-box the same oil as in my engine ?
The answer to this question depends on the technology used.
Although some older vehicles allow the same lubricant to be used
for both the engine and the gearbox, new vehicles require different
products for each.
Follow the manufacturer's recommendations.
Can I use diesel engine oil in a petrol engine, and vice versa ?
Petrol and diesel engines have different lubrication requirements. During development, lubricants undergo a number of tests, some common to diesel and petrol engines and others specific to one or the other type, that categorize their performances. At the end of this process, they are awarded an API or ACEA/CCMC compliance standard. These specifications characterize the acceptable functioning of the lubricant in each type of petrol or diesel engine. Lubricants for four-stroke engines usually comply with both petrol and diesel specifications. For example, an API SJ/CF lubricant meets petrol specification SJ and diesel specification CF. But this does not necessarily mean that it will perform in the same way in both petrol and diesel engines. This is why Elf has developed specialized ranges, optimized either for petrol or for diesel.
Can I mix two different types of oil ?
Lubricants are always optimized to meet the requirements of international classifications (API, ACEA). However, there are many ways of formulating a specific type of lubricant. Mixing two oils that have equivalent properties will not pose a problem, but final performance cannot be guaranteed. All market oils (petrol engine or diesel, mineral or synthetic) are mixable. However, a blending of two oil qualities lower the superior quality.
Can I use car engine oil in my motorcycle ?
No, because motorcycle four-stroke engines do not operate under the same conditions as those of cars (higher engine rpm and temperature). The engine lubricant can also be used to lubricate the gearbox and the clutch, which requires a formula with EXTREME-PRESSURE ADDITIVES. On the other hand, passenger vehicle lubricants contain DETERGENT ADDITIVES with a high ash content. In motorcycle engines, these cause deposits to form on the valve train and the piston crowns, which can result in valve burning or piston perforation.
What causes oil pressure to drop ?
During normal vehicle operation, oil is vital to ensures leak
tightness between the combustion chamber and the crankcase. The oil
pressure indicator shows how well this is being done.
An unusual drop in oil pressure can result from either lower engine oil viscosity due to dilution by fuel (injector problem or use at low load) ; too little oil in the lubrication system (due to an oil leak, excess oil consumption, or failure of the oil circulation pump) ; or even mechanical part wear.
Does the oil have to be topped up ?
The engine oil level should be checked regularly to prevent
incidents. A small amount of the oil that circulates in the engine
is always burnt (an engine in good condition consumes between 0.2
and 0.5 liters of oil every 1,000 kilometers), but successive
top-ups are no substitute for an oil change.
Accordingly, it is natural that an engine consumes a small amount of oil, which can be offset by top-ups between oil changes; however, excessive need for top-ups can be an indication of mechanical problems (leaks, etc).
What does a lubricant do ?
Any vehicle owner knows that lubricants are vital to the correct operation of your engine :
Additives bring their help, with the detergent and dispersant addives, and the additives against corrosion.
How can you judge lubricant performance ?
Product labels provide a considerable amount of information about lubricant performance.
More about : How to read the label on a drum
What are the advantages of a quality oil ?
A good quality oil provides motorists with a number of benefits :
What is the advantage of keeping up with the new technologies ?
In the area of technology, engine lubricants must consistently evolve toward higher performance levels, linked to engine advances, use, manufacturer requirements, and requirements of users and law-makers :
Conditions of operation also involve :
Why choose a synthetic oil ?
Semi-synthetic and synthetic oils are made from non-conventional bases using sophisticated chemical processes which confer special properties to the finished product. First, the high level of viscosity of the base oils used gives the finished lubricant remarkably stable viscosity whatever the temperature. This property is one of its major advantages over mineral oils, made from conventional bases which require a greater number of additives in order to improve viscosity. The stability of lubrication in all temperatures guarantees optimum efficacy in the cold starting phase which is particularly demanding on the engine ? as well as under conditions of extreme heat. Synthetic-based lubricants show greater resistance to oxidation, which gives them longer effective life thus guaranteeing longer engine life. The use of non-conventional bases, finally, permits the elaboration of more fluid lubricants, without being more volatile; resulting in a reduction of oil consumption.
Therefore, choosing a synthetic based oil is the technologically advance choice, for greater efficacy, longevity and controlled oil consumption.
What are the advantages of a multigrade oil ?
A multigrade oil is one whose proper
Multigrade oils provide better engine protection at low and high temperatures than monograde oils, in that they maintain optimum viscosity over the engine operating temperature range.
Which oil should we use in turbo compressed vehicles ?
In order to fulfil the lubrication and shaft cooling needs of the turbo-compressor, oil must answer to very strict criteria. The shaft reaches, a very high temperature, due to the proximity of the exhaust gasses, a very high temperature. Oil must lubricate the shaft continuously otherwise the high temperatures would permanently damage it and the temperature would then very rapidly reach very high levels.
These conditions mean the oil has to offer considerable detergent property, an important resistance to oxidisation and deposit formation, but especially very high a thermic stability. The use of SYNTHETIC oils is therefore the most recommended solution in these conditions. Turbo-compressors are characteristic of the diesel engines, as it is very easy for petrol engines to reach the same power level by other means, such as electronic injection, cylinder head multi-valves, etc.
Are all oils adapted to vehicles equipped with a catalytic converter ?
The reply is clear and net: NO.
This challenge has been met by the CATALYTIC CONVERTER, whose role is to complete the combustion of the exhaust gas just before they escape into the atmosphere. In order to respect the environment oils must offer a high lubrication property, better detergent and dispersant properties as well as a low sulphur and phosphorous content. These properties are essential for oils that will be used in vehicles equipped with catalytic converters. The use of a non adapted oil can damage the catalytic converter. Synthetic lubricants are highly recommended because of the intrinsic properties of their base.
Why change the oil ?
The oil change is an essential operation in maintaining a vehicle in top condition :
How often should oil be changed ?
Can you chose another viscosity grade when changing oil ?
Yes, you have to adjust the viscosity according to the conditions of the vehicle's usage, the environment and the climatic conditions.
What type of oil packaging should I choose ?
If you carry out your own oil change, you will need a 5-litre container, given that the average capacity of the sump is 4.5 litres.
If you are topping up between oil changes, a 1 litre container will suffice: it is practical, easy to use and cheaper.
Can I stock oil ? Will it deteriorate ?
Please refer to our 'Guide to Shelf Life' section.
Fuel Economy Lubricants
Do Fuel Economy oils maintain their Fuel Economy character throughout the oil change interval?
Is there not a risk of losing the constructor's warranty in case of a problem occurring on a vehicle when using a Fuel Economy oil?
Are Fuel Economy oils compatible with high sulphur level fuels?
What is a Fuel Economy lubricant?
Are all oils of the same grade Fuel Economy?
Why a top-up?
Is it normal for my vehicle to consume oil?
When should the oil level be checked?
What are the risks if the oil level is too low?
What must I do if my dipstick shows an oil level which is too high?
Can a different oil be used for a top-up?
What does excessive oil consumption mean?